National Origin Discrimination Attorneys Beverly Hills & Rancho Cucamonga, CA
The legal team at Mehtani Law Offices regularly represents employees in cases involving national origin discrimination, harassment and retaliation. The firm has handled national origin-based cases in both state and federal court. Typically, national origin-based cases are filed concurrently with other related claims, including discrimination, harassment or retaliation based on ethnicity, race or some other similar characteristic.
National Origin Discrimination
To bring a national origin discrimination claim under California law, an employee must basically show that (i) the employee suffered an “adverse employment action” by his or her employer; (ii) that a “substantial motivating factor” for such action was the employee’s national origin (i.e., where the employee was born, where his or her family is from, etc.); and (iii) that the employee was harmed by the employer’s conduct.
As explained by the Judicial Council of California Jury Instructions, “’Adverse employment actions’ are not limited to ultimate actions such as termination or demotion. There is an adverse employment action if [name of defendant] has taken an action or engaged in a course or pattern of conduct that, taken as a whole, materially and adversely affected the terms, conditions, or privileges of [name of plaintiff]’s employment. An adverse employment action includes conduct that is reasonably likely to impair a reasonable employee’s job performance or prospects for advancement or promotion. However, minor or trivial actions or conduct that is not reasonably likely to do more than anger or upset an employee cannot constitute an adverse employment action.”
A “substantial motivating reason” is a reason that actually contributed to the applicable adverse employment action. While it must be more than a remote or trivial reason, it need not be the only reason motivating the applicable adverse employment action.
National Origin Harassment
National origin harassment claims under California law require a showing that (i) the employee suffered either “severe” or “pervasive” mistreatment by another employee or group of employees; (ii) that a “substantial motivating reason” for the mistreatment is due to the employee’s national origin; and (iii) that the employee was harmed by the employer’s conduct.
Importantly, there has to be a “nexus” or connection between the mistreatment and the employee’s national origin. In other words, it is not enough to merely show that you were from a particular country or place and were mistreated; instead, you need to show that a “substantial motivating reason” for the mistreatment was your national origin – where you are from.
Mehtani Law Offices attorneys regularly litigate national origin harassment cases. What we typically look for is direct or circumstantial evidence of national origin harassment. For example, inappropriate or mean comments about an employee’s national origin or their home country by a supervisor repeatedly on a daily basis over a period of time could be deemed harassment, depending on all of the facts and circumstances.
Harassment claims can often be highly particularized and you should consult with an attorney to determine whether you indeed have a harassment claim. Sometimes the conduct may be inappropriate or unprofessional but does not rise to the level of legal harassment. Other times the situation is quite clear, and other times it is gray. The attorneys at our Firm can review the specific facts of your situation and analyze whether they believe you have a harassment case.
We Also Serve the following Practice Areas
- Age Discrimination
- Breach of Contract
- Commission Issues
- Disability Discrimination
- Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA)
- Gender Discrimination
- Gender Identity & Expression Discrimination
- Hostile Work Environment
- Inaccurate Wage Statements
- Leave law litigation
- Meal and Rest Break Violations
- Pay Inequality
- Pregnancy Discrimination
- Private Attorney General Act
- Race Discrimination
- Sexual Harassment
- Sexual Orientation Discrimination
- Unpaid Overtime Wages
- Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA)
- Military Discrimination
- Wrongful Termination
- Whistleblower Retaliation
- Class Actions
- Retaliation Litigation
- Discrimination Litigation
- Wage And Hour Litigation
National Origin Retaliation
To bring a case for national origin retaliation under California law, an employee must basically show that (i) the employee suffered an “adverse employment action” by his or her employer; (ii) that a “substantial motivating reason” for such adverse employment action was because the employee engaged in protected activity by protesting or refusing to participate in national origin discrimination or other illegal conduct related to employees’ national origin; and (iii) that the employee was harmed by the employer’s conduct.
Importantly, people often claim that they are being retaliated against but cannot evidence of an actual “adverse employment action”. But without an adverse employment action, the employee cannot prove a case of retaliation.